Social Security and Unions

Unemployment Insurance and Benefits

Unemployment Insurance

In Denmark you are not automatically registered with an unemployment insurance fund (in Danish “A-Kasse”), and therefore need to apply. You do not, though, need to be a member of a trade union in order to become a member of an unemployment insurance fund.

You are entitled to apply for membership if you are between the age of 18 and 63 and live in Denmark (or another EU/EEA country and work in Denmark). You can apply to be insured part-time or full-time. Some of the additional requirements are that you must either:

Be in paid employment in a profession which is covered by the fund.

Be the owner of a business, or help run your spouse’s business.

Unemployment Benefits

To receive these, the first thing you need to do is register as a jobseeker at your local job centre. You will submit a declaration of unemployment to your A-Kasse. You must agree to actively seek employment and be prepared to accept job offers as long as you are unemployed and receive benefits. In order to be eligible:
You can receive up to 90% of your income from your previous income. The benefits are paid out every 3 or 4 weeks.

For a list of all A-Kasser click here (in Danish).

When choosing your A-Kasse, it is advisable to compare the prices. For more information: click here.


Most employees in Denmark are members of a “union”.The unions work with representing the members interest towards the employers, and with securing them reasonable payment and terms of working. Some employers are also members in unions. They have an interest in the employees being satisfied and happy with the terms. The employers then also have stability when it comes to working hours, payments and strikes.

In Denmark, you can choose any union that fits your terms. Therefore an employer cannot hire or fire you, based on your choice of union. Your colleagues can’t demand you to choose a certain kind of union either. Many employees choose the union that has an agreement with their company and employer.

Choose your union based on which education and job you have. Most unions are often founded on that manner. You have to pay contingent to be a member of a union, but in return you will have a safety-net backing you up.

If you are thinking about joining a union, there is some things to consider. Some unions offers different types of courses to their members and some have a unemployment insurance. You should go after the union that suits your needs the best, and you should always compare prices before joining.

Need help to choose a union that fits you? Click here!

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